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|Other Titles:||Formation of the staghorn calculi|
|Authors:||竹内, 秀雄 |
|Author's alias:||TAKEUCHI, Hideo|
To study the process of formation of staghorn calculi, 58 patients with staghorn calculi were evaluated clinically and the removed stones were studied architecturally. Of 35 patients with infection stones composed of struvite and/or apatite in the nuclei as well as peripheral layers, 18 had identified predisposing factors related to infection. Of 13 patients with infection stones containing calcium oxalate in the nuclei, 7 had predisposing factors of infection but only 2 had metabolic disorders. The patients with infection stones who had no predisposing factors may have transient or subclinical abnormalities. Initial stone formation of oxalate may also be one of the predisposing factors of infection. Most of the patients with staghorn calculi composed of uric acid, oxalate and cystine, had metabolic disorders related to these substances. Large numbers of bacteria and large amounts of organic matrix were found extensively within infection stones and were thought to be important components as well as crystals. Metabolic stones contained little matrix. In this case crystal aggregation is thought to play the most important role in stone formation.
|Appears in Collections:||Vol.31 No.8|
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