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Title: Molecular orientation and optical anisotropy in drawn films of cellulose diacetate-graft-PLLA: comparative investigation with poly(vinyl acetate-co-vinyl alcohol)-graft-PLLA
Authors: Unohara, Takeshi
Teramoto, Yoshikuni  kyouindb  KAKEN_id  orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3850-3570 (unconfirmed)
Nishio, Yoshiyuki  kyouindb  KAKEN_id
Author's alias: 西尾, 嘉之
Keywords: Cellulose acetate
Poly(vinyl acetate-co-vinyl alcohol)
Poly(L-lactide)
Graft copolymer
Molecular orientation
Optical anisotropy
Issue Date: Jun-2011
Publisher: Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Journal title: Cellulose
Volume: 18
Issue: 3
Start page: 539
End page: 553
Abstract: Cellulose diacetate-graft-poly(L-lactide) (CDA-g-PLLA) and poly(vinyl acetate-co-vinyl alcohol)-graft-PLLA (P(VAc-co-VOH)-g-PLLA) were synthesized over a range of compositions, by ring-opening copolymerization of L-lactide at the original hydroxyl positions of the respective trunk polymers, CDA (acetyl DS = 2.15) and P(VAc-co-VOH)-g-PLLA (VAc = 64.2 mol%). All the products of both graft copolymer series were non-crystallizable and their solution-cast films showed no domain segregation of the two components that constituted the trunk and side-chains. A comparative study on the molecular orientation and optical anisotropy induced by uniaxial stretching of film samples was undertaken for the two copolymer series with various side-chain lengths. Overall behaviour of the orientation was estimated from the statistical second (<cos2 ω>) and fourth (<cos4 ω>) moments obtained by a fluorescence polarization method using a rod-like probe of ~2.5 nm. Upon stretching, any film of both series imparted a positive orientation function, i.e., f = (3 <cos2 ω> − 1)/2 > 0, which increased with the extent of deformation. The degree of molecular orientation was higher in the CDA-graft series with a semi-rigid trunk, and, in both series, it declined monotonically with increasing content of the PLLA side-chain. With regard to the optical anisotropy, CDA-g-PLLA films always exhibited a positive birefringence (Δn > 0) upon stretching, while drawn films of P(VAc-co-VOH)-g-PLLA displayed a negative one. This contrast in polarity reflects a difference in the intrinsic birefringence between the two trunk polymers. Of interest was the finding of a discontinuous change in Δn value with copolymer composition (PLLA content) for the respective graft series, when compared at a given stage of elongation of the films. Discussion took into consideration the locally different orientation manners of the attached PLLA chain segments.
Rights: The final publication is available at www.springerlink.com
This is not the published version. Please cite only the published version. この論文は出版社版でありません。引用の際には出版社版をご確認ご利用ください。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2433/141838
DOI(Published Version): 10.1007/s10570-011-9508-0
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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