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Title: Reflections on Agoncillo's The Revolt of the Masses and the Politics of History
Authors: ILETO, Reynaldo C.
Keywords: Philippine Revolution
Andres Bonifacio
Katipunan society
Cold War
Japanese occupation
Huk rebellion
Teodoro Agoncillo
Oliver Wolters
Issue Date: 31-Dec-2011
Publisher: 京都大学東南アジア研究所
Journal title: 東南アジア研究
Volume: 49
Issue: 3
Start page: 496
End page: 520
Abstract: Teodoro Agoncillo's classic work on Andres Bonifacio and the Katipunan revolt of 1896 is framed by the tumultuous events of the 1940s such as the Japanese occupation, nominal independence in 1943, Liberation, independence from the United States, and the onset of the Cold War. Was independence in 1946 really a culmination of the revolution of 1896? Was the revolution spearheaded by the Communist-led Huk movement legitimate ? Agoncilloʼs book was written in 1947 in order to hook the present onto the past. The 1890s themes of exploitation and betrayal by the propertied class, the rise of a plebeian leader, and the revolt of the masses against Spain, are implicitly being played out in the late 1940s. The politics of hooking the present onto past events and heroic figures led to the prize-winning manuscriptʼs suppression from 1948 to 1955. Finally seeing print in 1956, it provided a novel and timely reading of Bonifacio at a time when Rizalʼs legacy was being debated in the Senate and as the Church hierarchy, priests, intellectuals, students, and even general public were getting caught up in heated controversies over national heroes. The circumstances of how Agoncilloʼs work came to the attention of the author in the 1960s are also discussed.
Appears in Collections:Vol.49 No.3

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