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Title: Sediment-complex-binding cellulose breakdown in wetlands of rivers
Authors: Liu, Wen  kyouindb  KAKEN_id  orcid (unconfirmed)
Toyohara, Haruhiko  kyouindb  KAKEN_id
Author's alias: 劉, 文
豊原, 治彦
Keywords: Bioreactor
Plant residue
Issue Date: May-2012
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Journal title: Fisheries Science
Volume: 78
Issue: 3
Start page: 661
End page: 665
Abstract: We have been assessing the activity level of cellulase in wetland sediments to clarify the significance of cellulase for the turnover of plant cellulose in wetlands. In this study, we investigated the cellulose degrading function of sediment in wetlands to clarify the biochemical breakdown mechanism of cellulose. Specifically, we measured cellulase activities of sediments collected from wetlands of the Chikugo River (Fukuoka Prefecture), Midori River (Kumamoto Prefecture), Hamado River (Kumamoto Prefecture), Yodo River (Osaka Prefecture), and Tanaka River (Mie Prefecture). The results revealed that the activity levels differed significantly among rivers. Additionally, the cellulase activities of the sediment were not completely suppressed in the presence of chloramphenicol. These findings suggested that a portion of the cellulase activities were derived from cellulases binding to the components of sediments. Actually, sediments also showed the ability to bind fungal cellulase. Comparison of the binding ability of clay and plant residues, the main components of sediments, revealed that plant residues had significantly higher abilities to bind cellulase. This finding was supported by the fact that there was a strong correlation between the organic matter content in the sediment and the cellulase-binding ability (R = 0.66). Results of this study show that sediment complexes harboring cellulases might function as a bioreactor to degrade cellulose in wetlands.
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This is not the published version. Please cite only the published version.
DOI(Published Version): 10.1007/s12562-012-0471-y
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