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Title: Use of video system and its effects on abnormal behaviour in captive Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata)
Authors: Ogura, Tadatoshi
Author's alias: 小倉, 匡俊
Keywords: Animal welfare
Control over environment
Japanese macaques
Issue Date: Nov-2012
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Journal title: Applied Animal Behaviour Science
Volume: 141
Issue: 3-4
Start page: 173
End page: 183
Abstract: Although nonhuman primates have highly developed visual cognitive abilities, they have few opportunities to exert such abilities in captivity. Video presentation can reproduce multiple features of the complex, real, visual world. Therefore, video presentation can be expected to act as environmental enrichment for captive primates. The present study evaluated the enriching effects of novelty and content of videos as well as control over videos using newly developed technology including network-shared YouTube videos and an infrared distance sensor. Baseline data were obtained for 10 days without video display and then 10 days with the display showing no videos in four individually housed monkeys and six pair-housed monkeys. The monkeys were then exposed to videos of conspecifics, people, and animation and observed for 30 days. In some days, the monkeys had control over videos such that videos played only when subjects sat directly in front of the display. Observations were then taken for an additional 10 days with no videos. Behaviours such as time watching videos, abnormal behaviour and time spent in front of display were recorded for 60 min per day using instantaneous sampling with a 30-s interval. Monkeys displayed fewer abnormal behaviours when the video was playing (individually housed: 11.3 sampling points, pair-housed: 7.7 sampling points) than when the video was not playing (individual housed: 22.5 sampling points, pair-housed: 10.8 sampling points) (P < 0.001). The abnormal behaviour over the course of the observation days showed no evidence of habituation to videos. The frequency of watching the videos and abnormal behaviour differed depending on the presented contents of videos (P < 0.001). The subjects spent more time in front of the display in the days in which they could control the videos (individually housed: 89.1 sampling points, pair-housed: 17.6 sampling points) than in those in which they had no control (individually housed: 70.1 sampling points, pair-housed: 7.3 sampling points) (P < 0.001), suggesting that they were preferentially choosing to watch the videos. These results suggest that video presentation can be a useful technique to decrease abnormal behaviour of captive Japanese macaques. The content and controllability over videos were influential on their behaviour, suggesting that implementation of video enrichment that includes conspecifics videos and controllability over videos can improve animal welfare. Implementation based on an understanding of species-specific characteristics can contribute to effective environmental enrichment.
Rights: © 2012 Elsevier B.V.
This is not the published version. Please cite only the published version. この論文は出版社版でありません。引用の際には出版社版をご確認ご利用ください。
DOI(Published Version): 10.1016/j.applanim.2012.06.009
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