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Title: Reducing the phosphorus effluent load from a paddy-field district through cyclic irrigation
Authors: Hama, Takehide  kyouindb  KAKEN_id
Aoki, Takeru
Osuga, Katsuyuki
Sugiyama, Sho
Iwasaki, Daichi
Author's alias: 濱, 武英
Keywords: Phosphorus
Cyclic irrigation
Paddy field
Water reuse
Issue Date: May-2013
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Journal title: Ecological Engineering
Volume: 54
Start page: 107
End page: 115
Abstract: Phosphorus (P) effluent load discharged from paddy fields has a substantial impact on water quality in downstream areas. We evaluated the effectiveness of cyclic irrigation, in which drainage water is reused for irrigation purposes, in reducing the P load from a paddy-field district neighboring Lake Biwa, Japan. We measured temporal variations in the P concentration in drainage water and estimated the P mass balance for the study district for three consecutive years (2007–2009). A simple model was developed to characterize the hydrological structure and effects of cyclic irrigation using three parameters: the ratio of the P concentration in drainage water to that in irrigation water, the degree to which drainage water is reused, and the ratio of surplus irrigation water to the total amount of irrigation water. The total annual exports of P were 2.62–3.13 kg ha^{–1}. Phosphorus exports during the cyclic irrigation periods (April–June) were 0.27–0.63 kg ha^{–1} (period average rate = 3.7–8.8 g ha^{–1} d^{–1}), lower than those during the lake water irrigation periods (July–August) of 0.82–1.66 kg ha^{–1} (8.9–18.0 g ha^{–1} d^{–1}). Phosphorus export was lowest during the cyclic irrigation period, consistent with the small amounts of discharged drainage water. Our results suggest that cyclic irrigation is an effective district-scale method for reducing effluent P loads. Reuse of drainage water and efficient use of irrigation water are important in reducing the P load from the district.
Rights: © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
This is not the published version. Please cite only the published version.
DOI(Published Version): 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2013.01.010
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