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Title: In situ NMR observation of the lithium extraction/insertion from LiCoO2 cathode
Authors: Shimoda, Keiji  kyouindb  KAKEN_id  orcid (unconfirmed)
Murakami, Miwa  kyouindb  KAKEN_id  orcid (unconfirmed)
Takamatsu, Daiko
Arai, Hajime  kyouindb  KAKEN_id
Uchimoto, Yoshiharu  kyouindb  KAKEN_id  orcid (unconfirmed)
Ogumi, Zempachi
Author's alias: 下田, 景士
Keywords: Nuclear magnetic resonance
In situ NMR
Lithium ion battery
LiCoO2 cathode
Lithium dendrite
Issue Date: Oct-2013
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd.
Journal title: Electrochimica Acta
Volume: 108
Start page: 343
End page: 349
Abstract: Rechargeable lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) are currently accepted to be one of the most suitable energy storage resources in portable electronic devices because of their high gravimetric and volumetric energy density. To understand the behavior of Li^{+} ions on electrochemical lithium extraction/insertion process, we performed in situ^{7}Li nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements for LiC_{o}O_{2} cathode in a plastic cell battery, and the spectral evolutions of the ^{7}Li NMR signal of Li_{x}C_{o}O_{2} (0 ≤ x ≤ 1) were well investigated. Very narrow solid solution region of Li_{x}C_{o}O_{2} (∼0.99 ≤ x < 1) was explicitly defined from the large intensity reduction of Li_{x}C_{o}O_{2} signal at ∼0 ppm, which is related to the localized nature of the electronic spin of paramagnetic Co^{4+} ion formed at the very early delithiation stage. With further decreasing the signal intensity of LiC_{o}O_{2} , a Knight-shifted signal corresponding to an electrically conductive Li_{x}C_{o}O_{2} phase emerged atx = 0.97, which then monotonously decreased in intensity for x < 0.75 in accordance with the electrochemical lithium de-intercalation from Li_{x}C_{o}O_{2}. These observations acquired in situ fully confirm the earlier studies obtained in ex situ measurements, although the present study offers more quantitative information. Moreover, it was shown that the peak position of the NMR shift for Li_{x}C_{o}O_{2} moved as a function of lithium content, which behavior is analogous to the change in its c lattice parameter. Also, the growth and consumption of dendritic/mossy metallic lithium on the counter electrode was clearly observed during the charge/discharge cycles.
Rights: © 2013 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-No Derivative Works License, which permits non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
DOI(Published Version): 10.1016/j.electacta.2013.06.120
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