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Title: Blood Press ure of Baka Pygmies Living in Southeastern Cameroon
Authors: KAWAMURA, Kyohei
SATO, Hiroaki
Keywords: Hunter-gatherers
Baka Pygmies
Blood pressure
Tropical rainforest
Issue Date: Mar-2014
Publisher: The Research Committee for African Area Studies, Kyoto University
Journal title: African study monographs. Supplementary issue.
Volume: 47
Start page: 35
End page: 44
Abstract: African hunter-gatherers, Baka Pygmies (N = 276, ≥ 17 years of age) from the southeastern part of Cameroon participated in an assessment study of their blood pressure (BP) measurements. For comparison, data from 2 different Japanese populations (H with n = 632, and Y with n = 131 groups) were used. T here were no differences in systolic/diastolic BP in the Baka Pygmies with respect to the sex. A comparison of BP showed that neither systolic nor diastolic BP increased with age in Baka Pygmies, but it increased in the Y group (from 20 to 60 years). The average systolic/diastolic BP in Baka Pygmies (122.8 ± 10.9/71.2 ± 8.6 mmHg) was significantly lower than that of the H and the Y groups (126.1 ± 17.5/80.3 ± 11.3 and 131.6 ± 15.4/78.8 ± 9.9 mmHg, respectively). Most of the systolic and diastolic BP measurements in the H and the Y groups were classified high-normal or Grade 1 hypertension, whereas BP of most Baka Pygmies were classified as normal or optimal. These results revealed that an average BP of approximately 120/70 mmHg did not increase with age in Baka Pygmies living in the rainforest hunting and gathering for their living.
DOI: 10.14989/185103
Appears in Collections:47(Bio-social Adaptations of the Baka Hunter-gatherers in African Rainforest)

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