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Title: Development and Evaluation of an Ultrasonic Transmitter Using Frequency–Modulated Tones for Biotelemetry
Authors: NAKAGAWA, MASAHIRO
ICHIKAWA, KOTARO  kyouindb  KAKEN_id  orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4377-7103 (unconfirmed)
SASAKURA, TOYOKI
MITAMURA, HIROMICHI  kyouindb  KAKEN_id  orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2446-0576 (unconfirmed)
ARAI, NOBUAKI
Keywords: biotelemetry
ultrasonic transmitter
frequency-modulated tones
Issue Date: Mar-2014
Publisher: Kyoto University Design School
Journal title: PROCEEDINGS of the Design Symposium on Conservation of Ecosystem (The 13th SEASTAR2000 workshop)
Volume: 2
Start page: 15
End page: 18
Abstract: Biotelemetry is widely used to identify the position of aquatic animals. In order to observe micro scale movements of small target species, positioning accuracy is yet to be improved. It is known that frequency modulated signals provides better positioning accuracy. However, the conventional biotelemetry studies have used single-frequency transmitters. The purpose of this study is to develop a new type of ultrasonic transmitter using frequency-modulated tones (FM pinger) to reduce the positioning errors of biotelemetry. We conducted experiments to compare the accuracy of time difference of arrival (TDOA) by using the FM signals and conventional single-frequency signals in an open sea. We tested six patterns of frequency modulation including single-frequency (0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 kHz) with two kinds of duration (2, 10 msec.) for each frequency modulation bandwidth. The results showed that the TDOA of frequency-modulated tones provided higher accuracy than single-frequency tones. The average and standard deviation of TDOA of the frequency-modulated tones were close to the theoretical value of TDOA and 0. Therefore, it was considered that the frequency-modulated tones enhance accurate positioning as compared to the single-frequency tones.
Description: March 18-19, 2013
DOI: 10.14989/185135
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2433/185135
Appears in Collections:PROCEEDINGS of the Design Symposium on Conservation of Ecosystem Volume 2 (The 13th SEASTAR2000 workshop)

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