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Title: Characterization of a thermostable 2,4-diaminopentanoate dehydrogenase from Fervidobacterium nodosum Rt17-B1.
Authors: Fukuyama, Sadanobu
Mihara, Hisaaki
Miyake, Ryoma
Ueda, Makoto
Esaki, Nobuyoshi  KAKEN_id
Kurihara, Tatsuo  kyouindb  KAKEN_id  orcid (unconfirmed)
Author's alias: 栗原, 達夫
Keywords: 2, 4-Diaminopentanoate dehydrogenase
Fervidobacterium nodosum
Amino acid dehydrogenase
Ornithine metabolism
Thermophilic enzyme
Issue Date: May-2014
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Journal title: Journal of bioscience and bioengineering
Volume: 117
Issue: 5
Start page: 551
End page: 556
Abstract: 2, 4-Diaminopentanoate dehydrogenase (2, 4-DAPDH), which is involved in the oxidative ornithine degradation pathway, catalyzes the NAD(+)- or NADP(+)-dependent oxidative deamination of (2R, 4S)-2, 4-diaminopentanoate (2, 4-DAP) to form 2-amino-4-oxopentanoate. A Fervidobacterium nodosum Rt17-B1 gene, Fnod_1646, which codes for a protein with sequence similarity to 2, 4-DAPDH discovered in metagenomic DNA, was cloned and overexpressed in Escherichia coli, and the gene product was purified and characterized. The purified protein catalyzed the reduction of NAD(+) and NADP(+) in the presence of 2, 4-DAP, indicating that the protein is a 2, 4-DAPDH. The optimal pH and temperature were 9.5 and 85°C, respectively, and the half-denaturation time at 90°C was 38 min. Therefore, the 2, 4-DAPDH from F. nodosum Rt17-B1 is an NAD(P)(+)-dependent thermophilic-alkaline amino acid dehydrogenase. This is the first thermophilic 2, 4-DAPDH reported, and it is expected to be useful for structural and functional analyses of 2, 4-DAPDH and for the enzymatic production of chiral amine compounds. Activity of 2, 4-DAPDH from F. nodosum Rt17-B1 was suppressed by 2, 4-DAP via uncompetitive substrate inhibition. In contrast, the enzyme showed typical Michaelis-Menten kinetics toward 2, 5-diaminohexanoate. The enzyme was uncompetitively inhibited by d-ornithine with an apparent Ki value of 0.1 mM. These results suggest a regulatory role for this enzyme in the oxidative ornithine degradation pathway.
Rights: © 2013 The Society for Biotechnology, Japan. Published by Elsevier B.V.
This is not the published version. Please cite only the published version. この論文は出版社版でありません。引用の際には出版社版をご確認ご利用ください。
DOI(Published Version): 10.1016/j.jbiosc.2013.11.002
PubMed ID: 24326351
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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