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タイトル: The New Face of Debt-Peonage in the Bolivian Amazon: Social Networks and Bargaining Instruments
著者: Cardona, Walter Cano
De Jong, Wil
Boot, René G. A.
Zuidema, Pieter A.
キーワード: Habilito
Brazil nuts
Community forestry
Land reforms
Forest policy reforms
Barraca
発行日: 20-May-2014
出版者: Springer US
誌名: Human Ecology
抄録: The debt-peonage system is an agreement between patrons and laborers in different economic activities worldwide. A common feature is social exploitation of laborers that generate profits to the patrons. In recent literature it has been argued that debt-peonage can be an economically sound arrangement that secures the needs of actors. The paper evaluates to what extent traditionally strong debt-peonage in forest-dwelling communities in the Bolivian Amazon, has developed in a way that better secures the needs and economic interest of multiple actors. Case studies in sixteen communities yielded qualitative information on debt relations between peasants, traders and former patrons. Debt-peonage changed from a mechanism to provide and keep workforce indebted to new social relationships, equitable commercial links, opportunity to access work capital and production chain diversification. This rapid shift was caused by important changes in land and forest regulations.
著作権等: The final publication is available at link.springer.com
許諾条件により本文は2015-05-21に公開.
This is not the published version. Please cite only the published version. この論文は出版社版でありません。引用の際には出版社版をご確認ご利用ください。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2433/188739
DOI(出版社版): 10.1007/s10745-014-9666-4
出現コレクション:学術雑誌掲載論文等

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