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Title: 森林組合への経営委託に関する森林所有者の意向
Other Titles: Forest Management by Local Forest Owners Associations
Authors: 松下, 幸司  kyouindb  KAKEN_id
Author's alias: Matsushita, Koji
Issue Date: 30-Jan-1998
Publisher: 京都大学農学部附属演習林
Journal title: 京都大学農学部演習林報告
Volume: 69
Start page: 54
End page: 67
Abstract: 森林施業の合理化に関連し森林組合への森林経営委託が議論されているが, 森林所有者の意向が十分に検討されていない。1996年に鹿児島県大隅流域の森林組合総代1, 350人を対象に意向調査を行った結果, 793人から有効回答を得た (58. 7%)。回答者のうち, 60歳以上の占める比率は71. 5%に達しており, 林家の高齢化は相当進んでいる。集計の結果, 約半数の林家は森林経営を委託したくないと回答している。彼等は自分でやりたいと考えている。自分で働きたい, 自由にやりたい, 楽しみや健康のためなど, 理由は様々である。8. 9%の林家は無条件に全面委託してもよいと考えている。不在村所有者の所有する森林とあわせると, 潜在的な経営委託対象林分は相当大きなものである。3割近い林家は, 持ち出しがなければ全面委託したいと考えている。彼等は, 森林に対してこれ以上の資金投入をしたくないという気持ちが強い。長期施業受託を実施している森林組合があるが, 比較的所有面積が大きな林家が利用しており, 必ずしも零細規模林家の森林施業合理化につながっているとはいえない。森林組合は団地共同森林施業計画の樹立を通じて実質的に地域の森林施業計画を樹立しているが, 形式的な書類作成にとどまっている。大面積の施業委託に対応可能かどうかが検討されるべきで, 一部の林家は作業の実行可能性を危惧している。林家の森林所有目的に変化がみられ, 木材生産目的が後退している。木材価格の低迷だけでなく, 林家の高齢化が影響している可能性がある。木材生産目的の後退は, 行政による森林施業の合理化推進とは相いれない側面を持つ。
Forest management by local forest owners associations has been discussed recently from the viewpoint of the rationalization of forest practice. In Japan, the holding size of forests is generally very small, and forest practices by each owner are apt to be inefficient. The intentions of forest owners regarding handling over responsibility for forest management to local forest owners associations were examined in a questionnaire survey conducted in 1996. The questionnaire was distributed to 1, 350 representative forest owners, all of whom were members of forest owners associations in Ousumi Forest Planning Area of Kagoshima Prefecture. A total of 793 owners responded, indicating a response ratio of 58.7%. Responding forest owners aged over 60 years old accounted for 71.5% of the total number ofresponses. Approximately half of the responding forest owners answered that they did not intended to entrust forest management to local forest owners associations. These owners wished to manage their forest holdings. Of the total number of responses, 8.9% of forest owner answered that they intended to entrust forest management to local forest owners associations unconditionally. With the addition of these forests to those owned by persons living outside of the forest area, the amount of land given over to management by local forest owners associations is large. Approximately 30% of forest owners responded that they would entrust their forest management providing they would incur no future financial outlay. These owners do not wish to invest further in the forestry sector. Of course, there are no systems with completely no financial burden. Local forest owners associations have drawn up a forest operation plan (Territorial Joint Forest Management Plan). The effectiveness of this operation plan is, however, controversial. If forest owners have expressed concern over whether local forest owners associations have the ability to manage such a large area of entrusted forest. The questionnaire survey indicated that the objectives and roles of forest resources for forest owners have recently changed due to the decreases in timber prices and the aging of forest owners. This change also influenced the intentions of owners to entrust forest management to local forest owners associations.
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