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Title: Social cognition and its relationship to functional outcomes in patients with sustained acquired brain injury
Authors: Ubukata, Shiho  kyouindb  KAKEN_id
Tanemura, Rumi
Yoshizumi, Miho
Sugihara, Genichi  kyouindb  KAKEN_id
Murai, Toshiya
Ueda, Keita  kyouindb  KAKEN_id
Author's alias: 生方, 志浦
Keywords: Eyes test
social emotion perception
social function
social participation
theory of mind
Issue Date: 3-Nov-2014
Publisher: Dove Medical Press
Journal title: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Volume: 10
Start page: 2061
End page: 2068
Abstract: Deficits in social cognition are common after traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, little is known about how such deficits affect functional outcomes. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between social cognition and functional outcomes in patients with TBI. We studied this relationship in 20 patients with TBI over the course of 1 year post-injury. Patients completed neurocognitive assessments and social cognition tasks. The social cognition tasks included an emotion-perception task and three theory of mind tasks: the Faux Pas test, Reading the Mind in the Eyes (Eyes) test, and the Moving-Shapes paradigm. The Craig Handicap Assessment and Reporting Technique was used to assess functional outcomes. Compared with our database of normal subjects, patients showed impairments in all social cognition tasks. Multiple regression analysis revealed that theory of mind ability as measured by the Eyes test was the best predictor of the cognitive aspects of functional outcomes. The findings of this pilot study suggest that the degree to which a patient can predict what others are thinking is an important measure that can estimate functional outcomes over 1 year following TBI.
Rights: This work is published by Dove Medical Press Limited, and licensed under Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. The full terms of the License are available at http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. Permissions beyond the scope of the License are administered by Dove Medical Press Limited. Information on how to request permission may be found at: http://www.dovepress.com/permissions.php
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2433/192256
DOI(Published Version): 10.2147/NDT.S68156
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