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Title: A large landslide triggered by the 2008 Wenchuan (M8.0) earthquake in Donghekou area: Phenomena and mechanisms
Authors: Wang, Gonghui
Huang, Runqiu
Lourenço, Sérgio D.N.
Kamai, Toshitaka
Author's alias: 王, 功輝
Keywords: Wenchuan earthquake
Catastrophic landslide
Internal structure
Weathering of slate
Issue Date: Nov-2014
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Journal title: Engineering Geology
Volume: 182
Issue: B
Start page: 148
End page: 157
Abstract: During the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake, more than 60, 000 landslides were triggered, resulting in about 20, 000 casualties. Among these landslides, a catastrophic one occurred in Donghekou area of Qingchuan County. Donghekou landslide had a volume of about 1 × 107 m3, traveled fast for approximately 2 km, killing about 780 people. The source area consisted of unstable sedimentary strata and the runout path was made of colluvial deposits. During the earthquake, the colluvial deposits started to move first, before the arrival of the displaced landslide debris from the main source area. We performed undrained cyclic ring shear tests on samples taken from the runout path and concluded that liquefaction of the runout path material enhanced the mobility of the debris material. A fumarole was identified on the upper part of the runout path 6 months later. We analyzed the gas and water venting out, and concluded that the fumarole was not the result of fault movement; it resulted instead from the weathering of slate from the source area. The long-travel landslide materials blocked two rivers, forming two landslide dams that breached with the occurrence of overtopping. To better understand the internal structure of the landslide deposits and then provide evidence for a rational plan of countermeasures to stabilize the landslide dams, we measured the shear-wave-velocity of the landslide deposits by a surface-wave technique called multichannel analysis of surface waves (MASW). The results revealed that the landslide dams consisted of loosely deposited debris, suggesting that the landslide dams were mechanically weak and prone to erosion by overtopping.
Rights: © 2014 Elsevier B.V.
This is not the published version. Please cite only the published version.
DOI(Published Version): 10.1016/j.enggeo.2014.07.013
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