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Title: Uptake and retention of radio-caesium in earthworms cultured in soil contaminated by the Fukushima nuclear power plant accident.
Authors: Fujiwara, K
Takahashi, T
Nguyen, P
Kubota, Y
Gamou, S
Sakurai, S
Takahashi, S
Author's alias: 藤原, 慶子
Keywords: Radio-cesium
Earthworm
Fukushima nuclear power plant accident
Soil
Issue Date: Jan-2015
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd.
Journal title: Journal of environmental radioactivity
Volume: 139
Start page: 135
End page: 139
Abstract: To understand the effects of radionuclides on non-human biota and the environment, it is essential to study the intake and metabolism of radio-isotopes in earthworms which are among the most important soil organisms, and Eisenia fetida, which were used in this study, are known to be sufficiently sensitive to chemicals and representative of common earthworms. In this study, we assessed the concentration ratios, uptake and retention, absorbed dose rate, and distribution of radio-caesium in earthworms. The concentration ratios of (137)Cs (i.e., the concentrations of radio-caesium in earthworms relative to those in dry soil) were higher early in the culturing period and decreased gradually over the experimental period. (137)Cs taken up by E. fetida was cleared rapidly after the worms were cultured in radio-caesium-free soil, suggesting that the metabolism of radio-caesium in earthworms is very rapid. Autoradiography demonstrated that the concentration of radio-caesium within the digestive tract was as high as that in the soil, while radio-caesium in the body tissue was lower than radio-caesium in the soil and was almost uniformly distributed among earthworm tissues. The highest absorbed dose rate of total exposure to radio-caesium ((137)Cs + (134)Cs) was calculated to be 1.9 × 10(3) (μGy/day) in the earthworms.
Rights: © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
This is not the published version. Please cite only the published version. この論文は出版社版でありません。引用の際には出版社版をご確認ご利用ください。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2433/192993
DOI(Published Version): 10.1016/j.jenvrad.2014.10.011
PubMed ID: 25464049
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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