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Title: タイ国における中国系善堂の宗教活動 : 泰国義徳善堂に見る中国系宗教とタイ仏教
Other Titles: Religious Activities of Chinese Philanthropic Foundations in Thailand: Chinese Religion, Thai Buddhism, and Ngi Tek Tung
Authors: 片岡, 樹  KAKEN_name
Author's alias: KATAOKA, Tatsuki
Keywords: philanthropic foundation
Chinese religion
Thailand 慈善財団
Issue Date: 31-Jan-2015
Publisher: 京都大学東南アジア研究所
Journal title: 東南アジア研究
Volume: 52
Issue: 2
Start page: 172
End page: 207
Abstract: This paper examines religious aspects of Ngi Tek Tung (Ruam Katanyu Foundation),a Chinese philanthropic foundation in Thailand, to expand our field of discussion on Thai Buddhism and to reconsider the very concept of religion itself. Ngi Tek Tung emerged from a spiritmedium cult of Khlong Toey slum to become one of the largest philanthropic foundations in Bangkok. Its pantheon is a unique product of the fusion of Chinese religious tradition, Theravada Buddhism, and Thai local beliefs. Ngi Tek Tungʼs case also shows that the Chinese religion and Thai Buddhism mutually form repertoires for each other. Even though Ngi Tek Tung has the legal status of a secular organization, it provides occasions for merit making targeting recipients in this world as well as in the afterlife. Throughout Ngi Tek Tungʼs activities, a unique concept of rescue overarches both secular and religious domains. However, Ngi Tek Tungʼs emphasis on religiosity has been declining after the founderʼs death, which means the extinction of the tradition of the spirit medium cult. Todayʼs Ngi Tek Tung can be viewed both as a secular foundation to encompass the religious domain and as a religious organization engaged in profane activities. This in-between nature of the religiosity of some Chinese philanthropic foundations poses a challenge to conventional understandings of religion, which have been concentrated on a dichotomy of church-style institutions and traditionalism embedded in communities.
Rights: ©京都大学東南アジア研究所 2015
Appears in Collections:Vol.52 No.2

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