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Title: Neuronal and behavioural modulations by pathway-selective optogenetic stimulation of the primate oculomotor system.
Authors: Inoue, Ken-ichi
Takada, Masahiko  kyouindb  KAKEN_id
Matsumoto, Masayuki
Author's alias: 井上, 謙一
高田, 昌彦
松本, 正幸
Keywords: Biological sciences
Neuroscience
Issue Date: 21-Sep-2015
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Journal title: Nature communications
Volume: 6
Thesis number: 8378
Abstract: Optogenetics enables temporally and spatially precise control of neuronal activity in vivo. One of the key advantages of optogenetics is that it can be used to control the activity of targeted neural pathways that connect specific brain regions. While such pathway-selective optogenetic control is a popular tool in rodents, attempts at modulating behaviour using pathway-selective optogenetics have not yet been successful in primates. Here we develop a methodology for pathway-selective optogenetics in macaque monkeys, focusing on the pathway from the frontal eye field (FEF) to the superior colliculus (SC), part of the complex oculomotor network. We find that the optogenetic stimulation of FEF projections to the SC modulates SC neuron activity and is sufficient to evoke saccadic eye movements towards the response field corresponding to the stimulation site. Thus, our results demonstrate the feasibility of using pathway-selective optogenetics to elucidate neural network function in primates.
Description: 霊長類の脳神経回路を光で操作する手法の開発に成功 -霊長類が有する高次脳機能の解明や精神・神経疾患の治療への応用に期待-. 京都大学プレスリリース. 2015-09-24.
Rights: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2433/210503
DOI(Published Version): 10.1038/ncomms9378
PubMed ID: 26387804
Related Link: http://www.kyoto-u.ac.jp/ja/research/research_results/2015/150921_1.html
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