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Title: Higher-order repeat structure in alpha satellite DNA occurs in New World monkeys and is not confined to hominoids
Authors: Sujiwattanarat, Penporn
Thapana, Watcharaporn
Srikulnath, Kornsorn
Hirai, Yuriko
Hirai, Hirohisa  kyouindb  KAKEN_id
Koga, Akihiko  kyouindb  KAKEN_id
Author's alias: 平井, 啓久
古賀, 章彦
Issue Date: 14-May-2015
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Journal title: Scientific Reports
Volume: 5
Thesis number: 10315
Abstract: Centromeres usually contain large amounts of tandem repeat DNA. Alpha satellite DNA (AS) is the most abundant tandem repeat DNA found in the centromeres of simian primates. The AS of humans contains sequences organized into higher-order repeat (HOR) structures, which are tandem arrays of larger repeat units consisting of multiple basic repeat units. HOR-carrying AS also occurs in other hominoids, but results reported to date for phylogenetically more remote taxa have been negative. Here we show direct evidence for clear HOR structures in AS of the owl monkey and common marmoset. These monkeys are New World monkey species that are located phylogenetically outside of hominoids. It is currently postulated that the presence of HOR structures in AS is unique to hominoids. Our results suggest that this view must be modified. A plausible explanation is that generation of HOR structures is a general event that occurs occasionally or frequently in primate centromeres, and that, in humans, HOR-carrying AS became predominant in the central region of the centromere. It is often difficult to assemble sequence reads of tandem repeat DNAs into accurate contig sequences; our careful sequencing strategy allowed us to overcome this problem.
Rights: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this license, visit
DOI(Published Version): 10.1038/srep10315
PubMed ID: 25974220
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