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タイトル: Contextual effect of wealth on independence: An examination through regional differences in China
著者: Takemura, Kosuke
Hamamura, Takeshi
Guan, Yanjun
Suzuki, Satoko
著者名の別形: 鈴木, 智子
キーワード: culture
independence
individualism
economic development
multilevel
contextual effect
発行日: 17-Mar-2016
出版者: Frontiers
誌名: Frontiers in Psychology
巻: 7
論文番号: 384
抄録: The current study disentangled two different effects of wealth on psychological tendency toward independence: one is an effect exerted at the individual level (i.e., being rich) and the other one is a contextual effect (i.e., being surrounded by rich individuals). Past research has found a stronger tendency toward independence among people in economically developed societies. This association has often been explained as a result of a greater amount of choices, and thus more opportunities to express individuality that wealth affords individuals. In addition to this individual-level process, theories in cultural psychology imply that the wealth-independence link also reflects social processes-living in a rich society, regardless of one's own wealth, promotes independence (contextual effect of wealth on independence). Through a large-scale survey in China, using multilevel analyses, we found that wealth had both the individual-level effect and contextual effect on independence as well as related psychological tendencies (influence orientation and generalized trust), suggesting that individuals are more likely to be independent with greater personal wealth and when surrounded by wealthy others. Possible processes through which independence is promoted by liing in a wealthy area are discussed.
著作権等: © 2016 Takemura, Hamamura, Guan and Suzuki. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2433/214329
DOI(出版社版): 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00384
出現コレクション:学術雑誌掲載論文

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