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Title: Protecting Autonomy, Protecting Relatedness: Appraisal Patterns of Daily Anger and Shame in the United States and Japan
Authors: Boiger, Michael
Uchida, Yukiko  kyouindb  KAKEN_id  orcid (unconfirmed)
Norasakkunkit, Vinai
Mesquita, Batja
Author's alias: 内田, 由紀子
Keywords: culture
Issue Date: Jan-2016
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Journal title: Japanese Psychological Research
Volume: 58
Issue: 1
Start page: 28
End page: 41
Abstract: The present study tested the idea that U.S. and Japanese participants appraise anger and shame situations in line with the American concern for autonomy and the Japanese concern for relatedness, respectively. Sixty-five U.S. and 72 Japanese students participated in a 7-day diary study of anger and shame. Each day, participants reported their most important anger and shame incident and indicated whether they themselves or others were to be blamed (anger appraisals), and whether they focused on themselves or the opinion of others (shame appraisals). They also indicated whether they had experienced anger toward someone close or distant and whether their shame was publicly seen or privately felt. In line with the Japanese concern for protecting relatedness, Japanese compared to U.S. participants blamed themselves relatively more than others during anger situations with close others and focused on others rather than themselves during shame episodes that were publicly seen. Underlining the U.S. concern for protecting autonomy, Americans blamed others more than themselves during anger situations and focused more on themselves than others during shame situations.
Rights: © 2016 Japanese Psychological Association.
This is the accepted version of the following article: [Boiger, M., Uchida, Y., Norasakkunkit, V. and Mesquita, B. (2016), Protecting Autonomy, Protecting Relatedness: Appraisal Patterns of Daily Anger and Shame in the United States and Japan. Japanese Psychological Research, 58: 28–41. doi: 10.1111/jpr.12096], which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
The full-text file will be made open to the public on 8 January 2018 in accordance with publisher's 'Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving'.
This is not the published version. Please cite only the published version.
DOI(Published Version): 10.1111/jpr.12096
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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