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Title: To Accept One’s Fate or Be Its Master: Culture, Control, and Workplace Choice
Authors: Eisen, Charis
Ishii, Keiko
Miyamoto, Yuri
Ma, Xiaoming
Hitokoto, Hidefumi
Author's alias: 一言, 英文
Keywords: culture
agency
choice
workplace preferences
desire for control
Issue Date: 21-Jun-2016
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Journal title: Frontiers in Psychology
Volume: 7
Thesis number: 936
Abstract: Utilizing three student (Study 1) and non-student samples (Study 2), we examined cultural differences in workplace choice for North Americans, Germans, and Japanese. We focused on the desire for control as a potential mediator (i.e., the underlying mechanism) to explain cultural differences in this important life decision. Given culturally divergent embodiments of independent vs. interdependent models of agency, we expected and found that, compared to North Americans and Germans, Japanese were more likely to prefer a workplace with a payment system that maintains social order rather than one that rewards individual achievement. Furthermore, we found that Japanese tend to give greater consideration to family opinions in their choice of workplace. As predicted, desire for control (i.e., the motivation to have control over various events) was stronger for North Americans and Germans than Japanese, and explained cultural differences in choice of workplace.
Rights: © 2016 Eisen, Ishii, Miyamoto, Ma and Hitokoto. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2433/218535
DOI(Published Version): 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00936
PubMed ID: 27445904
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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