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dc.contributor.authorLin, Chunshanja
dc.contributor.authorLabun, Lance Z.ja
dc.description.abstractWe study the low energy effective theory describing gravity with broken spatial diffeomorphism invariance. In the unitary gauge, the Goldstone bosons associated with broken diffeomorphisms are eaten and the graviton becomes a massive spin-2 particle with 5 well-behaved degrees of freedom. In this gauge, the most general theory is built with the lowest dimension operators invariant under only temporal diffeomorphisms. Imposing the additional shift and SO(3) internal symmetries, we analyze the perturbations on a FRW background. At linear perturbation level, the observables of this theory are characterized by five parameters, including the usual cosmological parameters and one additional coupling constant for the symmetry-breaking scalars. In the de Sitter and Minkowski limit, the three Goldstone bosons are supermassive and can be integrated out, leaving two massive tensor modes as the only propagating degrees of freedom. We discuss several examples relevant to theories of massive gravity.ja
dc.publisherSpringer Verlagja
dc.rights© 2016, The Author(s).ja
dc.rightsJHEP is an open-access journal funded by SCOAP3 and licensed under CC BY 4.0ja
dc.subjectClassical Theories of Gravityja
dc.subjectEffective field theoriesja
dc.titleEffective field theory of broken spatial diffeomorphismsja
dc.type.niitypeJournal Articleja
dc.identifier.jtitleJournal of High Energy Physicsja
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