Access count of this item: 529

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
ASM_S_53_85.pdf597.18 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Title: Political and Military (Mis)Use of Humanitarian Action and Aid: Since the End of the Cold War and the Onset of "the War on Terror"
Authors: YONEKAWA, Masako
Keywords: Civil-military cooperation (CIMIC)
"The War on Terror"
Humanitarian principles
Winning "hearts and minds"
Issue Date: Mar-2017
Publisher: The Research Committee for African Area Studies, Kyoto University
Journal title: African study monographs. Supplementary issue.
Volume: 53
Start page: 85
End page: 101
Abstract: Since the end of Cold War and especially since the onset of “the War on Terror” under the George W. Bush Administration, the political and militarized character of humanitarian action and aid, which had already long been politicized, has been reinforced. This was observed especially when civil-military cooperation (CIMIC) started to take place in the 1990s. Various actors, including aid recipient governments, local rebel groups, donor governments, and the military—in particular the U.S. Government and military—as well as the socalled Islamic “terrorist” organizations have been (mis)using aid and NGOs. As a result, already weak or non-existent humanitarian principles of neutrality, impartiality, and independence are being lost. Divisions of roles between aid workers and military actors have become blurred as the latter are suspected to have morphed into humanitarian aid workers. While a military is involved in combat and simultaneously conducts humanitarian operations, using a “winning hearts and minds strategy, ” this situation puts at risk both the civilians caught in the conflict and civilian aid agencies. This has led to increased mistrust, fear, suspicion, and insecurity among local recipients towards aid agencies and aid itself, which resulted in aid workers losing access to recipients.
DOI: 10.14989/218913
Appears in Collections:53(Localization of Humanitarian Assistance Frameworks for East African Pastoralists)

Show full item record

Export to RefWorks

Export Format: 

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.