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タイトル: Smallholder Forestry in the Western Amazon: Outcomes from Forest Reforms and Emerging Policy Perspectives
著者: Pacheco, Pablo
Mejía, Elena
Cano, Walter
De Jong, Wil
キーワード: Amazon
forest management
forest policy
forest governance
smallholders
Bolivia
Ecuador
Peru
発行日: 31-Aug-2016
出版者: MDPI AG
誌名: Forests
巻: 7
号: 9
論文番号: 193
抄録: The forest reforms unfolding during the last two decades in the western Amazon have embraced policy regimes founded on the principles of sustainable forest management. The policy frameworks adopted for smallholder forestry aimed to clarify forest rights including those of the indigenous people and smallholders, support the adoption of sustainable forest management and put a system in place to assure a legal timber supply. The emerging forest policy regimes have significantly shaped who has access to the forest, how the forest resources are used and the benefits that are utilized. We argue that forest reforms have not addressed some critical constraints facing smallholders in managing their forests either individually or collectively. Informal timber extraction persists with contradictory effects on smallholders and forests. Local participants continue to make a significant contribution in meeting a growing demand for timber through vigorous market networks that combine legal and illegal sources of timber supply. Some recent changes to forest policy frameworks emphasize approaches towards additional integrated forest management, simplification of regulations and incentives for improved forest management. We critically reflect on the scope, implementation and expected outcomes of these policy frameworks.
著作権等: © 2016 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2433/226677
DOI(出版社版): 10.3390/f7090193
出現コレクション:学術雑誌掲載論文等

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