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Title: Similarity of Homegarden Component Species and Their Genetic Distance between Tanzania and Indonesia
Authors: HIGUCHI, Hirokazu
TAKATA, Kanako
Keywords: Mango
Banana
Jackfruit
Homegarden species
Genetic diversity
Uluguru Mountains
Java Island
Issue Date: Mar-2018
Publisher: The Research Committee for African Area Studies, Kyoto University
Journal title: African study monographs. Supplementary issue.
Volume: 55
Start page: 51
End page: 84
Abstract: A field survey and genetic analysis were conducted to reveal the similarity and genetic distance between homegarden component species of Tanzania and Indonesia. Homegardens in the Uluguru Mountains in Tanzania and in Java Island in Indonesia were investigated in terms of land-use configuration and allocation of homegarden species. Samples of the major fruit species jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.), mango (Mangifera indica L.), and banana (Musa spp.) were collected from the two areas and their genetic similarities were analyzed. The results indicated that homegardens in the Uluguru Mountains were similar to those in Java, particularly in terms of component species. Genetic analysis showed that jackfruit and most of the mango accessions in the Uluguru Mountains were distant from the Java accessions, but some mango accessions were similar to those of Java. Local use of the banana was diversified in Tanzania, and bananas exhibited greater genetic variation in Tanzania than in Java, despite Tanzania is far distant from the origin.
Rights: Copyright by The Center for African Area Studies, Kyoto University, March 1, 2023.
DOI: 10.14989/230164
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2433/230164
Appears in Collections:55(Resources Vitalizing Local Societies in Tanzania)

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