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Title: <論文>職業威信秩序の自明性と中心/周辺1975-2016
Other Titles: <ARTICLES>Core/Peripheral Differences in Taken-for Grantedness of Occupational Prestige Ranking
Authors: 太郎丸, 博  kyouindb  KAKEN_id
Author's alias: TAROHMARU, Hiroshi
Issue Date: 25-Dec-2017
Publisher: 京都大学大学院文学研究科社会学研究室
Journal title: 京都社会学年報 : KJS = Kyoto journal of sociology
Volume: 25
Start page: 1
End page: 16
Abstract: The social order is maintained not only by sanctions such as punishment and reward, but also by its legitimacy or naturalness. If the members of a society take the social order for granted, it may easily be maintained. This well-known thesis can be applied to class structure as well. If the members of a society take occupational prestige ranking for granted, the class structure will be easily maintained. The aims of this paper are (1) to develop a scale to measure the taken-for-grantedness of occupational prestige ranking, (2) to describe the trend between 1975 and 2016, and (3) to show the differences of the taken-for-grantedness between core and peripheral members in Japan. After demonstrating a cross-classified random effects model and intra-class correlations are better instruments to measure how the ranking is taken for granted, we argue: (1) the taken-for-grantedness of occupational prestige ranking rose from 1975 to 1995, but it fell from 1995 to 2016; (2) it is higher among youth than among elders; and (3) it is higher among privileged people (core) than among unprivileged people (periphery). These results imply that the legitimacy or taken-for-grantedness of the class structure varies across social groups.
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