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dc.contributor.authorOYAMA, Shuichija
dc.description.abstractAs their farmland deteriorates, the Hausa people improve its fertility by mixing household waste and urban waste into the soil. These wastes include excreta of cattle, leftover fodder, pruned branches, crop residues, worn-out cloths, plastic bag and metal pans. This local greening technique was developed by villagers in 1973 and 1974, during a time of drought and famine. Since 2003, the author has conducted repeated field experiments on the effectiveness and safety of the use of organic waste from urban and homestead environments. Shrubs grow from waste input after grassland is created, and herders foster forest growth in fenced experimental plots, using their livestock. The author has performed local techniques using external equipment. Although the lifestyle and production patterns of the residents in the Sahel exacerbate the desertification process, urban waste and livestock can restore the degraded land. This path of greening is considered reverse thinking and "African Potentials" based on the indigenous knowledge and day-to-day practice, which combats the desertification of the West African Sahel.ja
dc.publisherThe Center for African Area Studies, Kyoto Universityja
dc.rightsCopyright by The Center for African Area Studies, Kyoto University, June 1, 2018.ja
dc.subjectAfrican potentialja
dc.subjectEnvironmental restorationja
dc.subjectIndigenous knowledgeja
dc.subjectLand degradationja
dc.subjectLand restoration techniqueja
dc.subjectRepublic of Nigerja
dc.titleReverse Thinking and "African Potentials" to Combat Desertification in the West African Sahel: Applying Local Greening Techniques Born from Drought and Famine in the 1970sja
dc.type.niitypeJournal Articleja
dc.identifier.jtitleAfrican study monographs. Supplementary issue.ja
dc.addressThe Center for African Area Studies, Kyoto Universityja
dc.identifier.kaken16H06318 / 23221012 / 25300011 / 15H02591 / 17H04506 / 17H02235ja
Appears in Collections:57(Land, Agriculture and Unfinished Decolonization in Africa: Essays in Honour of Sam Moyo)

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