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タイトル: Combating Witchcraft in the State Courts of Anglophone Cameroon: The Insufficiency of Criminal Law
著者: KIYE, Mikano Emmanuel
キーワード: Witchcraft
Witches
Accusations
Defamation
Criminal law
Anglophone Cameroon
発行日: Sep-2018
出版者: The Center for African Area Studies, Kyoto University
誌名: African Study Monographs
巻: 39
号: 3
開始ページ: 121
終了ページ: 140
抄録: Belief in witchcraft is ingrained in Cameroonian society and has met with a variety of responses from traditional courts and state courts in the common law jurisdiction of Anglophone Cameroon.The outcome of witchcraft trials in Anglophone Cameroon is primarily influenced by the applicable laws in force. This article unravels contradictory developments in the fight against witchcraft in the state courts of Anglophone Cameroon. It argues that, while criminal law recognises the existence of witchcraft in the popular belief system and punishes its practice, the application of this law highlights contradictions, tensions, and procedural lapses, especially in the admissibility of evidence, rendering it ineffective in practice. Consequently, as was the case during colonialism, persons accused of witchcraft are regularly acquitted for want of empirical evidence while their accusers are imprisoned for defamation. The article demonstrates that criminal law, in its current form, is ill-adapted to curtailing witchcraft. To suppress witchcraft beliefs and accusations effectively, the article proposes, among other measures, reform of the criminal law or, alternatively, the decriminalisation of witchcraft, and a redirection of responsibility for its suppression to the domain of traditional authorities.
著作権等: Copyright by The Center for African Area Studies, Kyoto University, September 1, 2018.
DOI: 10.14989/234657
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2433/234657
出現コレクション:Vol.39 No.3

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