|Title:||A hERG mutation E1039X produced a synergistic lesion on IKs together with KCNQ1-R174C mutation in a LQTS family with three compound mutations|
James, Andrew F.
Hancox, Jules C.
|Author's alias:||糀谷, 泰彦|
|Journal title:||Scientific Reports|
|Abstract:||Congenital long QT syndrome (LQTS) caused by compound mutations is usually associated with more severe clinical phenotypes. We identified a LQTS family harboring three compound mutations in different genes (KCNQ1-R174C, hERG-E1039X and SCN5A-E428K). KCNQ1-R174C, hERG-E1039X and SCN5A-E428K mutations and/or relevant wild-type (WT) cDNAs were respectively expressed in mammalian cells. IKs-like, IKr-like, INa-like currents and the functional interaction between KCNQ1-R174C and hERG-E1039X channels were studied using patch-clamp and immunocytochemistry techniques. (1) Expression of KCNQ1-R174C alone showed no IKs. Co-expression of KCNQ1-WT + KCNQ1-R174C caused a loss-of-function in IKs and blunted the activation of IKs in response to isoproterenol. (2) Expression of hERG-E1039X alone and co-expression of hERG-WT + hERG-E1039X negatively shifted inactivation curves and decelerated the recovery time from inactivation. (3) Expression of SCN5A-E428K increased peak INa, but had no effect on late INa. (4) IKs and IKr interact, and hERG-E1039X caused a loss-of-function in IKs. (5) Immunocytochemical studies indicated that KCNQ1-R174C is trafficking defective and hERG-E1039X is defective in biosynthesis/degradation, but the abnormities were rescued by co-expression with WT. Thus, KCNQ1-R174C and hERG-E1039X disrupted IKs and IKr functions, respectively. The synergistic lesion, caused by KCNQ1-R174C and hERG-E1039X in IKs, is very likely why patients showed more severe phenotypes in the compound mutation case.|
|Rights:||© The Author(s) 2018. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.|
|Appears in Collections:||Journal Articles |
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