Access count of this item: 18
|Title:||<論説>十一世紀ビザンツにおけるイエ・地域社会・皇帝 : ケカウメノス『ストラテギコン』再考|
|Other Titles:||<Articles>Oikos, Local Society and Emperor in "Strategikon" of Kekaumenos|
|Author's alias:||Inoue, Koichi|
|Journal title:||史林 = THE SHIRIN or the JOURNAL OF HISTORY|
In 1070s Kekaumenos, a provincial noble, wrote "Strategikon" which was a manual for his young sons, filled with counsels for proper conduct in a variety of situations. In its chapter 3 Kekaumenos gave them advices in case of leading a private life, that is, not holding a government post. He recommended them to conduct oikos, or household, carefully. Chapter 3 may be named "oikonomika'", and by examining it we are able to make out the characteristics of oikos of the 11th century provincial magnates. Oikos of Kekaumenos was to be self-sufficient agricultural management, making use of many servants and peasants. It had a measure of military power, some of the servants were armed by their master, Kekaumenos. But its agricultural management was not stable, and its military power was limited by the fact that oikos did not have military installations such as rampart or moat. The household of the nobles had not come to maturity yet. Householders, masters of oikos, were leader of the local community and had a certain privilege in it. Their leadership depended fundamentally upon the economic and military power of the household. On the other hand, householders looked for the government posts and court titles so as to make their unstable oikos firm. They also entered into personal relations with the local governors. Oikos of the 11th century could not be an autonomous small cosmos. In the 11th century there arose rebellions of the provincial leading aristocrats over and over again, in which many householders took part in order to win what they asked the emperor and government for. On the one hand they aimed at the autonomy of their oikos and tried to reject the interference of the emperor or government. On the other hand they looked for a government post. These two patterns of their behaviour and mentality, which were contradicting each other, were brought about by the pecularity of their oikos. And at the same time they exerted great influence upon the political history and the image of the emperor in those days.
|Appears in Collections:||69巻4号|
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