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Title: Male-specific asymmetric curvature of anal fin in a viviparous teleost, Xenotoca eiseni
Authors: Iida, Atsuo  kyouindb  KAKEN_id
Author's alias: 飯田, 敦夫
Keywords: anal fin
external genitalia
secondary sex characteristic
viviparous fish
Issue Date: Jun-2019
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Journal title: Zoology
Volume: 134
Start page: 1
End page: 7
Abstract: Xenotoca eiseni is a viviparous teleost from the family Goodeidae. Internal fertilization occurs in this species; therefore, the male fish must transfer their sperm to the females. To this end, the males use their anal fins as external genitalia during mating. However, in goodeid species, there are a few reports of anal fin modifications functioning as genitalia. In the present study, I describe a male-specific lateral curvature with fin robe thickening on the two most posterior rays of the anal fin of X. eiseni. Morphological and behavioral analyses suggested that the lateral curvature provides a directional preference for coupling of male X. eiseni. The modification appears to be a male secondary sex characteristic. Other goodeid species Xenotoca melanosoma and Chapalichthys pardalis also possess the lateral curvature, but without robe thickening. Furthermore, Zoogoneticus quitzeoensis exhibited only curvature structure either smaller than those of other species or absent. Therefore, the anal fin curvature may not necessarily be used for internal fertilization in all species investigated in this study. However, it is still possible that it provides novel advantages during mating in certain goodeid species.
Rights: © 2019 The Author. Published by Elsevier GmbH. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (
DOI(Published Version): 10.1016/j.zool.2019.03.002
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