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Title: Repeated Seismic Slipping Events Recorded in a Fault Gouge Zone: Evidence From the Nojima Fault Drill Holes, SW Japan
Authors: Lin, Aiming
Nishiwaki, Takafumi
Author's alias: 林, 愛明
西脇, 隆文
Keywords: fault gouge zone
mesostructure and microstructure
seismic slip
Nojima fault
drill core
earthquake fossil
Issue Date: 16-Feb-2019
Publisher: American Geophysical Union
Journal title: Geophysical Research Letters
Volume: 46
Issue: 3
Start page: 1276
End page: 1283
Abstract: Drilling investigations and structural analysis of drill cores reveal that a fault gouge zone of 10–30 cm in width was observed at depths of ~260 to 900 m in nine drill holes that intersected the Nojima Fault (NF), on which the 1995 Mw 6.9 Kobe (Japan) earthquake occurred. Logging data and an analysis of mesostructures and microstructures in drill cores show that (i) a ~60‐m wide fault damage zone containing a 10‐ to 30‐cm‐thick fault gouge zone developed in the NF, (ii) the fault gouge zone can be divided into 11–20 thin layers of different color, and (iii) the individually colored layers contain different color breccias of fault gouge that are offset and/or cut by cracks and crack‐filled calcite and quartz veinlets. Our results reveal that the fault gouge zone probably records more than 11–20 paleoseismic faulting events along the NF during the late Pleistocene‐Holocene.
Rights: ©2019. The Authors. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution‐NonCommercial‐NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non‐commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.
DOI(Published Version): 10.1029/2019GL081927
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