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Title: Extreme Accelerations During Earthquakes Caused by Elastic Flapping Effect
Authors: Goto, Hiroyuki  kyouindb  KAKEN_id  orcid (unconfirmed)
Kaneko, Yoshihiro  kyouindb  KAKEN_id  orcid (unconfirmed)
Young, John
Avery, Hamish
Damiano, Len
Author's alias: 後藤, 浩之
Issue Date: 4-Feb-2019
Publisher: Springer Nature
Journal title: Scientific Reports
Volume: 9
Thesis number: 1117
Abstract: Accurate recording of large, earthquake-induced ground shaking is critical for our understanding of earthquake physics as well as seismic hazard assessment. Extremely large accelerations with the peak value of 3.2 times the gravity acceleration were recorded at seismic station WTMC located in northern South Island of New Zealand during the recent magnitude 7.8 Kaikoura earthquake. However, the mechanisms responsible for the generation of such large accelerations are not well understood. Here we use numerical simulations to examine a range of physical models that can reproduce the observed characteristics of the acceleration record. We find that the record of the asymmetric, vertical accelerations, also observed during a magnitude 6.3 earthquake, can be explained by a flapping effect, that is, the local, elastic bouncing of a foundation slab on which the sensor is installed. Our results suggest that the extremely large accelerations recorded at seismic station WTMC do not reflect the actual ground shaking, but were caused by a local, system response around the sensor. Our finding has important implications for both the evaluation of future seismic hazard based on the waveform records of the Kaikoura earthquake and the installation methodology of strong-motion seismometers in all earthquake prone countries.
Rights: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit
DOI(Published Version): 10.1038/s41598-018-37716-y
PubMed ID: 30718810
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