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dc.contributor.authorTaylor, Pamela Marieen
dc.contributor.authorUchida, Yukikoen
dc.contributor.alternative内田, 由紀子ja
dc.description.abstractExperiences that contradict one's core concepts (e.g. of the world, people, the self) elicit intense emotions. Such schema incongruence can elicit awe, wherein experiences that are too vast to understand with existing cognitive schemata cause one to feel that schemata should be updated [i.e. a “need for cognitive accommodation” (NFA); Keltner & Haidt, 2003. Approaching awe, a moral, spiritual, and aesthetic emotion. Cognition and Emotion, 17(3), 297–314]. However, other emotional responses to schema incongruence, such as horror, have not been investigated. The current studies compared awe and horror to investigate if they are distinct emotional responses to schema incongruence. Study 1 observed significant differences between awe and horror in cognitive appraisals (e.g. certainty, legitimacy), indicating several areas of dissimilarity. Study 2 found evidence that awe and horror are both responses to schema incongruence, as schema incongruence and NFA were salient in awe and horror, but not a contrast emotion. However, awe and horror were elicited by different types of schema incongruence: awe by spiritual vastness, horror by extremity. Awe-eliciting experiences also appeared to be easier to assimilate than horrifying experiences, as NFA and uncertainty were significantly lower in awe than in horror. Differences in the functions of horror and awe are also discussed.en
dc.publisherInforma UK Limiteden
dc.rightsThis is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in 'Cognition and Emotion' on 2019, available online:
dc.rightsThe full-text file will be made open to the public on 06 Feb 2020 in accordance with publisher's 'Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving'en
dc.rightsThis is not the published version. Please cite only the published version.en
dc.subjectemotional appraisalsen
dc.subjectcognitive schemaen
dc.titleAwe or horror: differentiating two emotional responses to schema incongruenceen
dc.typejournal article-
dc.type.niitypeJournal Article-
dc.identifier.jtitleCognition and Emotion-
dc.addressGraduate School of Human and Environmental Sciences, Kyoto Universityen
dc.addressKokoro Research Center, Kyoto Universityen
dcterms.accessRightsopen access-
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