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dc.contributor.authorHironobu, Fujiwaraen
dc.contributor.authorTsukasa, Uenoen
dc.contributor.authorSayaka, Yoshimuraen
dc.contributor.authorKei, Kobayashien
dc.contributor.authorTakashi, Miyagien
dc.contributor.authorNaoya, Oishien
dc.contributor.authorToshiya, Muraien
dc.contributor.alternative藤原, 広臨ja
dc.contributor.alternative植野, 司ja
dc.contributor.alternative義村, さや香ja
dc.contributor.alternative小林, 啓ja
dc.contributor.alternative宮城, 崇史ja
dc.contributor.alternative大石, 直也ja
dc.contributor.alternative村井, 俊哉ja
dc.date.accessioned2019-12-13T01:49:05Z-
dc.date.available2019-12-13T01:49:05Z-
dc.date.issued2019-05-22-
dc.identifier.issn1662-5161-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2433/245129-
dc.description.abstractJapanese martial arts, Budo, have been reported to improve cognitive function, especially attention. However, the underlying neural mechanisms of the effect of Budo on attention processing has not yet been investigated. Kendo, a type of fencing using bamboo swords, is one of the most popular forms of Budo worldwide. We investigated the difference in functional connectivity (FC) between Kendo players (KPs) and non-KPs (NKPs) during an attention-related auditory oddball paradigm and during rest. The analyses focused on the brain network related to “motivation.” Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) and task-based fMRI using the oddball paradigm were performed in healthy male volunteers (14 KPs and 11 NKPs). Group differences in FC were tested using CONN-software within the motivation network, which consisted of 22 brain regions defined by a previous response-conflict task-based fMRI study with a reward cue. Daily general physical activities were assessed using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). We also investigated the impact of major confounders, namely, smoking habits, alcohol consumption, IPAQ score, body mass index (BMI), and reaction time (RT) in the oddball paradigm. Resting-state fMRI revealed that KPs had a significantly lower FC than NKPs between the right nucleus accumbens and right frontal eye field (FEF) within the motivation network. Conversely, KPs exhibited a significantly higher FC than NKPs between the left intraparietal sulcus (IPS) and the left precentral gyrus (PCG) within the network during the auditory oddball paradigm [statistical thresholds, False Discovery Rate (FDR) < 0.05]. These results remained significant after controlling for major covariates. Our results suggest that attenuated motivation network integrity at rest together with enhanced motivation network integrity during attentional demands might underlie the instantaneous concentration abilities of KPs.en
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf-
dc.language.isoeng-
dc.publisherFrontiers Media SAen
dc.rights© 2019 Fujiwara, Ueno, Yoshimura, Kobayashi, Miyagi, Oishi and Murai. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.en
dc.subjectBudoen
dc.subjectKendoen
dc.subjectmotivation networken
dc.subjectfunctional connectivityen
dc.subjectattentionen
dc.titleMartial Arts "Kendo" and the Motivation Network During Attention Processing: An fMRI Studyen
dc.typejournal article-
dc.type.niitypeJournal Article-
dc.identifier.jtitleFrontiers in Human Neuroscienceen
dc.identifier.volume13-
dc.relation.doi10.3389/fnhum.2019.00170-
dc.textversionpublisher-
dc.identifier.artnum170-
dc.addressIntegrated Clinical Education Center, Kyoto University Hospital・Department of Neuropsychiatry, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University・Artificial Intelligence Ethics and Society Team, RIKEN Center for Advanced Intelligence Projecten
dc.addressDepartment of Neuropsychiatry, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto Universityen
dc.addressDepartment of Neurodevelopmental Psychiatry, Habilitation and Rehabilitation, Kyoto Universityen
dc.addressDepartment of Neuropsychiatry, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto Universityen
dc.addressDepartment of Neuropsychiatry, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto Universityen
dc.addressMedical Innovation Center, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicineen
dc.addressDepartment of Neuropsychiatry, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto Universityen
dc.identifier.pmid31191277-
dcterms.accessRightsopen access-
datacite.awardNumber16H06402
datacite.awardNumber16H06395
datacite.awardNumber16H06397
datacite.awardNumber16K01790
jpcoar.funderName日本学術振興会ja
jpcoar.funderName日本学術振興会ja
jpcoar.funderName日本学術振興会ja
jpcoar.funderName日本学術振興会ja
jpcoar.funderName.alternativeJapan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)en
jpcoar.funderName.alternativeJapan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)en
jpcoar.funderName.alternativeJapan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)en
jpcoar.funderName.alternativeJapan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)en
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