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Title: Nurture is above nature: nursery experience determines habitat preference of red sea bream Pagrus major juveniles
Authors: Takahashi, Kohji
Masuda, Reiji  kyouindb  KAKEN_id  orcid (unconfirmed)
Author's alias: 高橋, 宏司
益田, 玲爾
Keywords: Behavioral characteristics
Coastal fish
Early life stage
Habitat choice
Non-associative learning
Issue Date: Sep-2019
Publisher: Springer Japan
Journal title: Journal of Ethology
Volume: 37
Issue: 3
Start page: 317
End page: 323
Abstract: Habitat preference is thought to be genetically programmed in fishes. However, fishes can choose habitat based on their personal experience of an environment. We investigated whether the environment in which fish are raised affects habitat preference in red sea bream Pagrus major juveniles, and tested if the formed preference lasts until later life stages. Juveniles were reared in tanks with a substrate of either sand or artificial seaweed for 40 days. Naive fish were raised without either type of substrate. In the preference test, individual fish were allowed to choose either a sand or artificial seaweed microhabitat. The tested fish were then kept in barren tanks, and similar tests conducted again on days 30 and 100. Sand and seaweed treatment fish preferred the corresponding habitat immediately after the rearing treatment, whereas naive fish did not exhibit any preference. These preferences were maintained when fish were tested on day 30, but not on day 100. The present study suggests that habitat preference is acquired through the rearing environment at the nursery stage, and that this preference lasts for at least 30 days. The formation of habitat preference should help juveniles to choose an optimal microhabitat in a fluctuating environment.
Description: A correction to this article is available online at Journal of Ethology, January 2020, Volume 38, Issue 1, pp 133–133.
Rights: © The Author(s) 2019. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made.
DOI(Published Version): 10.1007/s10164-019-00605-6
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