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Title: <Articles>Where have all the adjectives gone? The case of Jinghpaw
Other Titles: <研究論文>形容詞はどこへ行ったか?ジンポー語の事例
Authors: Kurabe, Keita
Author's alias: 倉部, 慶太
Keywords: adjective
closed class
core semantic type
Issue Date: 31-Dec-2019
Publisher: 京都大学大学院文学研究科言語学研究室
Journal title: 京都大学言語学研究
Volume: 38
Start page: 29
End page: 47
Abstract: The size of the adjective class varies from language to language. The aim of this paper is to investigate the membership of the adjective class in Jinghpaw, a Tibeto-Burman language, showing that Jinghpaw has a small closed class of adjectives consisting of no more than a dozen members. Building upon my own data collected through fieldwork in northern Burma, this paper further investigates the properties of Jinghpaw adjectives in terms of word class, semantics, and syntax. In terms of word class, Jinghpaw adjectives can best be treated as a subtype of verbs based on the fact that they share a number of properties with other verbs, including negatability, mood and aspect marking, and semantic compatibility with degree expressions. In terms of semantics, Jinghpaw adjectives fall into the four core semantic types of adjectives (i.e., dimension, age, value, color) that adjectives in languages with small adjective classes tend to have. Other semantic types such as physical property and human propensity tend to be lexicalized as stative verbs in the language. In terms of syntax, Jinghpaw adjectives exhibit predication and modification functions, which are common functions of adjectives in the world's languages.
Rights: © 京都大学言語学研究室
DOI: 10.14989/250190
Appears in Collections:第38号

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