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Title: A nuclear periodic table
Authors: Hagino, K.
Maeno, Y.
Author's alias: 萩野, 浩一
前野, 悦輝
Keywords: Atomic nuclei
Magic numbers
Shell closure
Nuclear deformation
Periodic table
Issue Date: 21-Apr-2020
Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC
Journal title: Foundations of Chemistry
Abstract: There has been plenty of empirical evidence which shows that the single-particle picture holds to a good approximation in atomic nuclei. In this picture, protons and neutrons move independently inside a mean-field potential generated by an interaction among the nucleons. This leads to the concept of nuclear shells, similar to the electronic shells in atoms. In particular, the magic numbers due to closures of the nucleonic shells, corresponding to noble gases in elements, have been known to play an important role in nuclear physics. Here we propose a periodic table for atomic nuclei, in which the elements are arranged according to the known nucleonic shells. The nuclear periodic table clearly indicates that nuclei in the vicinity of the magic numbers can be understood in terms of a shell closure with one or two additional nucleons or nucleon holes, while nuclei far from the magic numbers are characterized by nuclear deformation.
Description: 新しい周期表を考案 --原子核の周期表「ニュークリタッチ」--. 京都大学プレスリリース. 2020-05-01.
A special elemental magic. 京都大学プレスリリース. 2020-05-28.
Rights: © The Author(s) 2020. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2433/250720
DOI(Published Version): 10.1007/s10698-020-09365-5
Related Link: http://www.kyoto-u.ac.jp/ja/research/research_results/2020/200421_1.html
https://www.kyoto-u.ac.jp/en/research/research_results/2020/200421_1.html
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