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Title: Modifying angular and polarization selection rules of high-order harmonics by controlling electron trajectories in k-space
Authors: Sanari, Yasuyuki
Otobe, Tomohito
Kanemitsu, Yoshihiko
Hirori, Hideki
Author's alias: 佐成, 晏之
乙部, 智仁
金光, 義彦
廣理, 英基
Keywords: High-harmonic generation
Nonlinear optics
Ultrafast photonics
Issue Date: 17-Jun-2020
Publisher: Springer Nature
Journal title: Nature Communications
Volume: 11
Thesis number: 3069
Abstract: Recent advances in generation of strong laser pulses have enabled the acceleration of electrons in solids into regions far away from the band edge. Because nonlinear currents can be generated by laser-driven carriers in the non-parabolic region, tailored laser fields may allow control of optical properties of high-order harmonics (HHs). So far, investigations on laser-induced nonlinear optical phenomena have focused on the simple electron motion induced by linearly or elliptically polarized fields. However, more complex trajectories can be important for development of novel optoelectronic devices. Here, we show that a weak laser field (optical frequency is ω2) applied in a direction orthogonal to a strong main field (ω1) enhances certain HH intensity components of bulk GaSe by a factor of 100. Good agreement between the experiments and calculations shows that manipulation of the electron trajectory allows breaking inversion symmetry of the electronic states felt by the accelerated electrons and leading to a modification of selection rules for frequency-mixing processes of HHs. Owing to our usage of non-integer multiples for ω1 and ω2, it is found that the generation of HHs constitutes a novel way of ultrafast control of light polarization and optical switching.
Description: レーザー光による固体内電子運動の操作で光の発生制御に成功 --超高速な光制御・スイッチング素子や新しい光源の開発に期待--. 京都大学プレスリリース. 2020-06-19.
Rights: © The Author(s) 2020. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit
DOI(Published Version): 10.1038/s41467-020-16875-5
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