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Title: Stochastic Time Evolution, Information Geometry, and the Cramér-Rao Bound
Authors: Ito, Sosuke
Dechant, Andreas
Author's alias: 伊藤, 創祐
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: American Physical Society (APS)
Journal title: Physical Review X
Volume: 10
Issue: 2
Thesis number: 021056
Abstract: We investigate the connection between the time evolution of averages of stochastic quantities and the Fisher information and its induced statistical length. As a consequence of the Cramér-Rao bound, we find that the rate of change of the average of any observable is bounded from above by its variance times the temporal Fisher information. As a consequence of this bound, we obtain a speed limit on the evolution of stochastic observables: Changing the average of an observable requires a minimum amount of time given by the change in the average squared, divided by the fluctuations of the observable times the thermodynamic cost of the transformation. In particular, for relaxation dynamics, which do not depend on time explicitly, we show that the Fisher information is a monotonically decreasing function of time and that the minimal required time is determined by the initial preparation of the system. We further show that the monotonicity of the Fisher information can be used to detect hidden variables in the system and demonstrate our findings for simple examples of continuous and discrete random processes.
Description: 情報による観測量の変化速度の熱力学的な限界を発見. 京都大学プレスリリース. 2020-06-19.
Rights: Published by the American Physical Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the published article’s title, journal citation, and DOI.
DOI(Published Version): 10.1103/PhysRevX.10.021056
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