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Title: Combination of school evacuation drill with tsunami inundation simulation: Consensus-making between disaster experts and citizens on an evacuation strategy
Authors: Nakano, Genta  kyouindb  KAKEN_id  orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5100-4026 (unconfirmed)
Yamori, Katsuya
Miyashita, Takuya
Urra, Luisa
Mas, Erick
Koshimura, Shunichi
Author's alias: 中野, 元太
矢守, 克也
宮下, 卓也
Keywords: Tsunami evacuation
Interdisciplinary practice
Risk communication
Consensus-making
Expert/non-expert relationship
Issue Date: Dec-2020
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Journal title: International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction
Volume: 51
Thesis number: 101803
Abstract: This paper aims to introduce an effective methodology for communicating a science-based tsunami risk scenario to non-expert citizens through consensus-making between disaster experts and non-experts, with the aid of four-way split-screen movie clips depicting evacuation scenarios. Action research on tsunami education in Zihuatanejo, Mexico found that a perception of tsunamis as catastrophic together with the one-directional nature of risk communication resulted in inaction on the part of non-experts in disaster preparedness, contrary to the expectations of experts. In other words, non-experts did not think that they could cope with a tsunami disaster and they perceived that as non-experts they themselves could not affect the tsunami risk scenario communicated to them by the experts. In response, movie clips simultaneously displaying a school evacuation drill and tsunami inundation simulation were developed. These movie clips are intended to serve as a tool in the process of establishing a school tsunami evacuation strategy by promoting consensus-making between experts and non-experts about the risk scenario, thereby helping to change the perception of a tsunami from a catastrophe that cannot be dealt with by non-experts to a realistic perception that non-experts can indeed help by engaging in their own tsunami risk preparedness activities. The developed movie clips were used at a workshop for stakeholders, including academics, local government, and teachers, with the aims of establishing scenario-based evacuation strategies and promoting the proactive implementation of preparedness activities by non-expert teachers. The study will contribute to establishing a mechanism for applying scientific knowledge to solving societal issues.
Rights: © 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2433/255633
DOI(Published Version): 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2020.101803
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