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Title: Development of a dose distribution shifter to fit inside the collimator of a Boron Neutron Capture Therapy irradiation system to treat superficial tumours
Authors: Hu, N.
Tanaka, H.
Yoshikawa, S.
Miyao, M.
Akita, K.
Aihara, T.
Ono, K.
Author's alias: 呼, 尚徳
田中, 浩基
Keywords: BNCT
Neutron moderator
Thermal neutrons
Monte Carlo simulation
Issue Date: Feb-2021
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Journal title: Physica Medica
Volume: 82
Start page: 17
End page: 24
Abstract: The Kansai BNCT Medical Center has a cyclotron based epithermal neutron source for clinical Boron Neutron Capture Therapy. The system accelerates a proton to an energy of 30 MeV which strikes a beryllium target producing fast neutrons which are moderated down to epithermal neutrons for BNCT use. While clinical studies in the past have shown BNCT to be highly effective for malignant melanoma of the skin, to apply BNCT for superficial lesions using this system it is necessary to shift the thermal neutron distribution so that the maximum dose occurs near the surface. A dose distribution shifter was designed to fit inside the collimator to further moderate the neutrons to increase the surface dose and reduce the dose to the underlying normal tissue. Pure polyethylene was selected, and a Monte Carlo simulation was performed to determine the optimum thickness of the polyethylene slab. Compared with the original neutron beam, the shifter increased the thermal neutron flux at the skin by approximately 4 times. The measured and simulated central axis depth distribution and off axis distribution of the thermal neutron flux were found to be in good agreement. Compared with a 2 cm thick water equivalent bolus, a 26% increase in the thermal neutron flux at the surface was obtained, which would reduce the treatment time by approximately 29%. The DDS is a safe, simple and an effective tool for the treatment of superficial tumours for BNCT if an initially fast neutron beam requires moderation to maximise the thermal neutron flux at the tissue surface.
Rights: © 2021 Associazione Italiana di Fisica Medica. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license.
DOI(Published Version): 10.1016/j.ejmp.2021.01.003
PubMed ID: 33548793
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