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Title: インドネシアにおける村落会議と村落議会─植民地期20世紀初頭における村落集会の形成と村落協議会の試み─
Other Titles: The Emergence of Village Meetings and the Introduction of Village Assemblies in Early Twentieth Century Colonial Indonesia
Authors: 水野, 広祐  KAKEN_name
Author's alias: Mizuno, Kosuke
Keywords: 意思決定
village assembly
village administration
village meeting
village authonomy
musywarah mufakat
Issue Date: 30-Sep-2007
Publisher: 京都大学東南アジア研究所
Journal title: 東南アジア研究
Volume: 45
Issue: 2
Start page: 161
End page: 183
Abstract: Although almost no stipulation was made by Indonesia's Acts on Local Administration, village meetings played an important role in creating consensus among villagers during the Soekarno era and after the step-down of President Soeharto before the decentralization policy was implemented. This paper traces the origins and characteristics of village meetings and the attempt to introduce village assemblies using colonial Residents' reports on the Village Autonomy survey conducted in 1926-28 in Java and Madoera. The village meeting was firstly stipulated by the Village Ordinance of 1906, but meetings were seldom held until the 1910s in Central and East Java. In 1926, in almost all villages surveyed, meetings were held by village heads to consult on important issues with villagers who had the right to choose the village head. Yearly and monthly meetings as well as hamlet meetings were held in many areas. Participants were mainly those villagers who owned agricultural lands and were obliged to perform compulsory herendienst service. Although some widows had the right to attend, they exercised their rights only to choose the village head. Consensus was reached through unanimous agreement without voting. Attempts to introduce village assemblies failed because of conflicts between the assembly and village heads. Similar conflicts appeared in 2002-4 after the introduction of village assemblies designed to check the performance of village administration.
Description: この論文は国立情報学研究所の学術雑誌公開支援事業により電子化されました。
Appears in Collections:Vol.45 No.2

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