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Title: Different Meanings and Interests over Women's Clubs in Rural Zambia: An Ethnography of Development in Practice
Authors: ARAKI, Minako
Keywords: Development aid
Grass-roots groups
Southern Zambia
Issue Date: Dec-2001
Publisher: The Center for African Area Studies, Kyoto University
Journal title: African Study Monographs
Volume: 22
Issue: 4
Start page: 175
End page: 193
Abstract: The whole population of rural women nominally form the targeted groups. Outsiders assume that women's groups mean the same things to all the actors involved. However, findings from rural Zambia, first, show that each individual saw different interests and meanings in the Women's Clubs independent of the agenda of the initiative, which resulted in their participation and non-participation. Some interpreted the activities of the Women's Clubs differently from those of the outsiders. Even among the members, there were diverse meanings for participation, ranging from economic purposes to just being with others. Non-participation was due to either self-exclusion by choice or by circumstance. Secondly, contrary to the assumption that the group would act as a unit with common interest because of the shared gender, conflict as well as co-operation arises within groups. Women's Clubs faced risks of dissolution or division at junctures. The relevance of development initiatives hinges on more critical reflection on the practices which are heterogeneous and diversified.
DOI: 10.14989/68209
Appears in Collections:Vol.22 No.4

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