Access count of this item: 1855

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
ASM_S_26_41.pdf209.75 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Title: Hunter-Gatherer Studies: The Importance of Context
Authors: STILES, Daniel
Keywords: Hunter-gatherers
Immediate return
Delayed return
Issue Date: Mar-2001
Publisher: The Center for African Area Studies, Kyoto University
Journal title: African study monographs. Supplementary issue.
Volume: 26
Start page: 41
End page: 65
Abstract: Anthropological and behavioral ecological studies of living hunter-gatherers have flourished since the 1960's. Researchers have developed and followed a variety of paradigms, each with its own assumptions and objectives, based on the behavior of hunter-gatherer communities. I agree here that in order to evaluate the validity of the use of a specific hunter-gatherer group for particular paradigmatic purposes, details of the historical and social context of the group are needed. The use of an inappropriate group, as determined by its context, can call into question the conclusions of a study. A method for classifying hunter-gatherer groups according to progressive stages of historical contact and interrelations with agricultural neighbors is proposed. The use of this classification system can aid in analyzing important questions concerning the hunter-gatherer adaptation: what explains immediate return and delayed return systems? Why do hunter-gatherers persist today? Can contemporary hunter-gatherers be used as valid models or analogues for prehistoric human behavior? The answers to these questions are related to the ultimate question: Why study hunter-gatherers?
DOI: 10.14989/68408
Appears in Collections:26 (African Hunter-Gatherers : Persisting Cultures and Contemporary Problems)

Show full item record

Export to RefWorks

Export Format: 

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.