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|Title:||THE DECLINING COFFEE ECONOMY AND LOW POPULATION GROWTH IN MWANGA DISTRICT, TANZANIA|
|Publisher:||The Center for African Area Studies, Kyoto University|
|Journal title:||African study monographs. Supplementary issue.|
|Abstract:||North Pare Mountains in Mwanga District of Tanzania's northern highlands are part of the Kilimanjaro coffee zone, and coffee has led the local economy of this district since at least the time of national independence in 1961. However, under the economic liberalization policies introduced in 1986, coffee production in Mwanga has decreased dramatically from approximately 700 tons in 1985/86 to 100 tons in 2004/05. The population of the district grew only by 1.23% annually from 1988 to 2002, a rate lower than the averages for Kilimanjaro Region and Tanzania Mainland as a whole. The mountain villages suitable for coffee production have had low growth, whereas those in the western plain area along a major road have had high growth rates. Adverse economic conditions may have accelerated the historical out- migration from the mountains. Concurrently, in the western plain, towns and suburbs have offered better economic opportunities since the introduction of the new national development policy, "Poverty Reduction Strategy" in 2000. Here, I use district-level data, as well as information from field surveys to examine the decline of the coffee economy and its relationship to low population growth in Mwanga District.|
|Appears in Collections:||35 (African Coffee Economy at the Crossroads: The Cases from Tanzania, Ethiopia and Rwanda)|
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