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Title: インド北部ラダーク地方の農林地利用状況 : 2010 年ドムカル村医学キャンプでのヒアリングから
Other Titles: Agricultural and Tree Plantation Land Use in Ladakh of Northern India: Hearing Survey at Domkhar Village Medical Camp in 2010
Authors: 野瀬, 光弘  KAKEN_name
竹田, 晋也  kyouindb  KAKEN_id
Author's alias: Nose, Mitsuhiro
Takeda, Shinya
Issue Date: 1-May-2011
Publisher: 京都大学ヒマラヤ研究会・人間文化研究機構 総合地球環境学研究所「高所プロジェクト」
Journal title: ヒマラヤ学誌 : Himalayan Study Monographs
Volume: 12
Start page: 85
End page: 92
Abstract: 世界各地の条件不利地域において農林地の管理放棄が進む中で, 大局的な状況把握とともに各地域における実態の解明が求められる. 本稿では, インド北部のラダーク地方ドムカル村を対象に, 聞き取りによって農林地の利用状況や耕作放棄地の実態を調べた. 統計解析の結果によると放棄地の少ないゴンマの方がドに比べると耕作地の筆数が有意に多いことが判明した. ゴンマに比べて気候的に恵まれたバルマとドでは植林や果樹の植裁が多くの世帯で行われており, レーにおける一定の需要が推察された. 営農体系の変化によってドの世帯がバルマやゴンマに保有する農地での作業がなくなっていることから, 耕作放棄地の比率はドが最も大きいことが明らかになった. 今後の課題は, 保有農地の面積と栽培作物との関係, 果樹や植林の賦存量と立地状況, 耕作放棄地の地理的な特徴や家屋との位置関係の把握である.
This paper investigated agricultural and tree plantation land use and the amount of abandoned cultivated land through an interview survey conducted in Domkhar village, in Ladakh, northern India. The area of cultivated land in the upper village, Gongma, was significantly greater than in the lower village, Do, because the lower village had changed the agricultural system. Tree plantations and fruit growing were implemented at Barma, the middle village, and Do, rather than at Gongma, because of the good weather conditions, and this was thought to be supported by the market needs of Leh. The proportion of abandoned cultivated land at Do was greater than that at Barma and Gongma because each household in Do cultivated marginal areas at higher altitude. A future task is to resolve the relationships among agricultural land area and cultivated crops, stock, and the location of plantation and fruit trees and the geographic condition of abandoned cultivated land and its distance from houses.
DOI: 10.14989/HSM.12.85
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2433/186090
Appears in Collections:第12号

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