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Title: Stabilization of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 reverse transcriptase by site-directed mutagenesis.
Authors: Nishimura, Kosaku
Shinomura, Mayu
Konishi, Atsushi
Yasukawa, Kiyoshi  kyouindb  KAKEN_id
Author's alias: 保川, 清
Keywords: HIV
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1
Reverse transcriptase
Site-directed mutagenesis
Issue Date: Dec-2013
Publisher: Springer Netherlands
Journal title: Biotechnology letters
Volume: 35
Issue: 12
Start page: 2165
End page: 2175
Abstract: Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) reverse transcriptase (RT) is a heterodimer containing 66 kDa p66 and 51 kDa p51 subunits. We previously showed that HIV-1 group M (HIV-1 M) RT and HIV-1 group O (HIV-1 O) RT have higher affinities for dTTP and template-primer (T/P) than Moloney murine leukemia virus RT, which is currently used for cDNA synthesis, suggesting that they might also be useful for cDNA synthesis (Konishi et al. Appl Biochem Biotechnol 2013, 169:77-87). Here, we have increased the thermostability of both HIV-1 M RT and HIV-1 O RT by site-directed mutagenesis. The Asp443 → Ala mutation, which abolishes RNase H activity, was introduced into the p66 subunits of HIV-1 M RT and HIV-1 O RT. The temperatures that reduced the initial activity by 50 % of the resulting mutants, HIV-1 M p66D443A/p51 and HIV-1 O p66D443A/p51, were 44 and 52 °C, respectively, which were higher than those of wild-type HIV-1 M p66/p51 (42 °C) and HIV-1 O p66/p51 (48 °C). The highest temperature at which both HIV-1 M p66D443A/p51 and HIV-1 O p66D443A/p51 exhibited cDNA synthesis activity was 68 °C, which was higher than for the wild-type enzymes (62 and 66 °C, respectively).
Rights: The final publication is available at Springer via
This is not the published version. Please cite only the published version. この論文は出版社版でありません。引用の際には出版社版をご確認ご利用ください。
DOI(Published Version): 10.1007/s10529-013-1321-4
PubMed ID: 24078120
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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