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Title: Economic impacts caused by the failure of a maritime global critical infrastructure---a case study of chemical facility explosion in the Straits of Malacca and Singapore
Authors: Kajitani, Yoshio
Cruz, Ana Maria
Tatano, Hirokazu  kyouindb  KAKEN_id  orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7209-4358 (unconfirmed)
Nakano, Kazuyoshi
Choi, Junho
Yasuda, Nario
Author's alias: 梶谷, 義雄
Keywords: Maritime transportation
Global critical infrastructure
Technological disaster
Economic impact
Risk assessment
Issue Date: Dec-2013
Publisher: Springer US
Journal title: Journal of Transportation Security
Volume: 6
Issue: 4
Start page: 289
End page: 313
Abstract: Globally shared and intensively used maritime infrastructures such as ports and straits have the potential to cause trans-boundary and multi-sector impacts on our society in case of disruption. This type of infrastructure can be called a “maritime global critical infrastructure (MGCI)”; its disruption can be caused by various types of hazards. IRGC (2011) was first to focus on this issue, identifying critical deficits of risk governance in an MGCI and making recommendations for improvement. However, a detailed impact assessment of a major disruption to an MGCI has not been fully conducted due to various factors including the complex interrelations and mechanisms of MGCI activities and processes and their cascading impacts, the limited availability and difficulty of access to the necessary data sets at regional and global scales, the need to combine modeling approaches from various fields. In an effort to overcome some of the above challenges, this paper presents the results of a prototype economic impact assessment of an MGCI disruption scenario. The Straits of Malacca and Singapore have been selected as a representative MGCI, and an oil refinery fire and explosion in the Singapore Strait as an initiating disruption event. The impact assessment and associated sensitivity study presented here, including the scheme of price changes as a result of the increase of transportation costs, reveal the value of the Straits and ports and the requirements of a relatively fair governance scheme.
Rights: The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12198-013-0117-z.
This is not the published version. Please cite only the published version. この論文は出版社版でありません。引用の際には出版社版をご確認ご利用ください。
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2433/193001
DOI(Published Version): 10.1007/s12198-013-0117-z
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