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Title: Effectiveness of simplified 15-min refresher BLS training program: a randomized controlled trial.
Authors: Nishiyama, Chika  kyouindb  KAKEN_id
Iwami, Taku  kyouindb  KAKEN_id  orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4150-7065 (unconfirmed)
Murakami, Yukiko
Kitamura, Tetsuhisa
Okamoto, Yoshio
Marukawa, Seishiro
Sakamoto, Tetsuya
Kawamura, Takashi  kyouindb  KAKEN_id
Author's alias: 石見, 拓
Keywords: Basic life support (BLS)
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
Retraining
Chest compression
Education
Randomized controlled trial
Issue Date: May-2015
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal title: Resuscitation
Volume: 90
Start page: 56
End page: 60
Abstract: [Objectives]To evaluate the long-term effectiveness of 15-min refresher basic life support (BLS) training following 45-min chest compression-only BLS training. [Methods]After the 45-min chest compression-only BLS training, the participants were randomly assigned to either the refresher BLS training group, which received a 15-min refresher training 6 months after the initial training (refresher training group), or to the control group, which did not receive refresher training. Participants’ resuscitation skills were evaluated by a 2-min case-based scenario test 1 year after the initial training. The primary outcome measure was the number of appropriate chest compressions during a 2-min test period. [Results]140 participants were enrolled and 112 of them completed this study. The number of appropriate chest compressions performed during the 2-min test period was significantly greater in the refresher training group (68.9 ± 72.3) than in the control group (36.3 ± 50.8,p = 0.009). Time without chest compressions was significantly shorter in the refresher training group (16.1 ± 2.1 s versus 26.9 ± 3.7 s, p < 0.001). There were no significant differences in time to chest compression (29.6 ± 16.7 s versus 34.4 ± 17.8 s, p = 0.172) and AED use between the groups. [Conclusions]A short-time refresher BLS training program 6 months after the initial training can help trainees retain chest compression skills for up to 1 year. Repeated BLS training, even if very short, would be adopted to keep acquired CPR quality optimal (UMIN-CTR UMIN 000004101).
Rights: © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/. NOTICE: this is the author's version of a work that was accepted for publication in "Resuscitation". Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in [Resuscitation, Volume 90, May 2015, Pages 56–60, doi:10.1016/j.resuscitation.2015.02.015]
The full-text file will be made open to the public on 1 June 2016 in accordance with publisher's 'Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving'.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2433/199884
DOI(Published Version): 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2015.02.015
PubMed ID: 25724354
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles

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